B1 - This vitamin is used for blood building, carbohydrate metabolism, energy, growth, muscle tone, circulation maintenance of intestine, stomach, heart and appetite.
B2 (Riboflavin) - This vitamin is used by the body for antibody and red cell formation, cell respiration, metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrate.
B3 (Niacin) - This vitamin is used for circulation, growth, sex hormone production, metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrate, and cholesterol level reduction.
B5 (Pantothenic Acid)- This vitamin is used for antibody and steroid formation, conversion of carbohydrate, fat and protein into energy, and growth stimulation.
B6 (Pyridoxine) - This vitamin is used for fat, protein metabolism (particularly Methionine and Tryptophan), antibody formation, and sodium potassium balance.
B12 (Cobalamin) - This vitamin is used for fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, blood cell information, and fatty acid synthesis.
Baby's Butt - Indentation between the two heads of biceps muscles of very muscular athlete.
Back-Cycling - Cutting back on either number of sets, repetitions or amount of weight used during an exercise session.
Bar - The steel shaft that forms the basic part of a barbell or dumbbell. These bars are normally about one inch thick, and they are often encased in a revolving metal sleeve.
Barbara Outland - The girlfriend of Arnold Schwarzenegger and his first love.
Barbarian Brothers - David and Peter Paul bodybuilders known as The Barbarians.
Barbell - Weight used for exercise, consisting of a rigid handle 5-7' long, with detachable metal discs at each end.
Balance - A term referring to an even relationship of body proportions in a man's physique. Perfectly balanced phys-ical proportions are a much-sought-after trait among competitive bodybuilders.
Basic Exercise - A bodybuilding exercise which stresses the largest muscle groups of your body (e.g., the thighs, back, and/or chest), often in combination with smaller muscles. You will be able to use very heavy weights in basic exer-cises in order to build great muscle mass and physical power. Typical basic movements include squats, bench presses, and deadlifts. (You should also see the listing for Isolation Exercise.)
Benches - A wide variety of exercise benches is available for use in doing barbell and dumbbell exercise either lying or seated on a bench. The most common type of bench, a flat exercise bench, can be used for chest, shoulder, and arm movements. Incline and decline benches (which are angled at about 30-45 degrees) also allow movements for the chest, shoulders, and arms.
Ben Weider - IFBB co founder and president.
Beta Sitosterol - A sterol (plant hormone) derived from crude germ oils. Increases growth hormone and natural testosterone levels in the body.
Betty Weider - Pinup girl, bodybuilder and wife of Joe Weider.
Bev Francis - Female bodybuilder and powerlifter.
Bill Pearl - A classic bodybuilding champion.
Bill Phillips - Writer of Body for Life and publisher of Muscle Media Magazine.
Bioflavonoids - This vitamin is used for a mild stimulant, capillary maintenance.
Biomechanics - Science concerned with the internal and external forces acting on a human body and the effects produced by these forces.
Biotin - This vitamin is used for fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, cell growth, and fatty acid production.
Blair Protein - Rheo Blair protein powder that many bodybuilders found made them grow like crazy.
Bob Gajda - Bodybuilder of The Golden Age of bodybuilding.
Bob Hoffman - The father of American weightlifting.
Body composition - The percentage of your body weight composed of fat compared to fat-free mass.
Bodybuilding - A type of weight training applied in con-junction with sound nutritional practices to alter the shape or form of one's body. In the context of this book, bodybuilding is a competitive sport nationally and inter-nationally in both amateur and professional categories for men, women, and mixed pairs. However, a majority of individuals use bodybuilding methods merely to lose excess body fat or build up a too thin part of the body.
Bodyweight training - Buildining muscle without weights or equipment.
Boron - A mineral that not only aides in calcium absorption but also has been shown to double and triple blood levels of testosterones. Usual daily dosage is 3 mg.
Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) - Three amino acids (Leucine, Isoleucine, Valine) which are quickly absorbed by muscle tissue and help create a positive nitrogen balance thus promoting muscular growth.
Branch Warren - Professional bodybuilder known as Quadrasaurus.
Bromelain - A naturally extracted digestive enzyme that may help accelerate tissue repair.
Buffed - As in a "finely buffed finish" - good muscle size and definition, looking good.
Bulking Up - Gaining body weight by adding muscle, body fat or both.
Burn - A beneficial burning sensation in a muscle that you are training. This burn is caused by a rapid buildup of fatigue toxins in the muscle and is a good indication that you are optimally working a muscle group. The best bodybuilders consistently forge past the pain barrier erected by muscle burn and consequently build very mas-sive, highly defined muscles.
Burns - A training technique used to push a set past the normal failure point, and thereby to stimulate it to greater hypertrophy. Burns consist of short, quick, bouncy reps 4-6 inches in range of motion. Most bodybuilders do 8-12 burns at the end of a set that has already been taken to failure. They generate terrific burn in the muscles, hence the name of this technique.
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